Have you ever visited National Parks in Assam? No, so sad! Yeah, I know it is not possible to set foot in all National park at a time, try to visit at least one out of 5 National Parks in Assam. National Parks are one of the main attractions which enhance the beauty of Assam among other places. These national parks are the best example to describe the beauty of the state. Assam is rich in mineral, water, forest, flora and fauna, and agriculture. The land of blue hills and a red river is blessed with the sprawling tea gardens, the riverine islands, the Satras, abundant wildlife, majestic Brahmaputra, exotic Bihu dance, fragrant cuisine and gorgeous people. That’s why Assam Tourism ad says ‘ ‘Once you visit Assam, it stays with you forever,’. Now I am going to write about 5 National Parks in Assam which including Kaziranga National Park, Manas National park, Orang National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park and Nameri National Park.
Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is situated between two districts of Assam- Nagaon and Golaghat district. Endangered Indian one-horned rhinoceros are one of the major attractions of this national park. It was established in 1908 as a “Reserve Forest” and it was redesignated as the “Kaziranga Game Sanctuary” in 1916. Finally, Kaziranga was established as a national park in 1974 with an approximate area of 430 square kilometers and it was declared as-as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its unique natural environment in 1985. Moreover, Kaziranga National Park was announced as a Tiger Reserve in 2006 for the highest density of Tiger.
Major Attractions In Kaziranga National Park
Undoubtedly, one-horned rhinoceros are the major attraction in this park. Moreover, Bengal Tiger, Elephant, Leopards, Sloth bear, Hoolock Gibbon, Golden Langur, Wild water buffalo, swamp deer, Gaur, Sambar, many other big and small wild animals as well as numerous species of exotic birds, reptiles, and aquatic fauna etc. are found in Kaziranga National Park.
How To Reach Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park in Assam can be reached by Air, Train, and Road from all different major cities of India.
Manas National Park
Firstly, the name of Manas is rooted from Manas river which is a major tributary of river Brahmaputra. Manas National Park was established in 1950 as a Manas Wildlife Sanctuary covering with an area of 360 sq. km and declared as Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger in 1973. In 1985, Manas was declared as World Heritage Site (Natural) by UNESCO for outstanding universal value and finally, it has been recognized as a national park in 1990 with an area of 500 sq. km. Manas National Park is located in five districts of Assam – Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa, Barpeta, Udalguri and Darrang.
November to March is the best time to visit Manas National Park to enjoy the nature. Manas is mainly known for its population of wild water buffalo and you can see many others small and big animals and birds such as Black-tailed Crake, Red-headed Trogon, Swamp Francolin, Wreathed and Rufous-necked Hornbill, Golden Langur Presbytis geei, Hispid Hare Caprolagus hispidus, Pygmy Hog Sus salvanius etc.
Manas is 145km away from Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Guwahati and the city is well connected via air with all other parts of the country. You can reach Manas National Park by all modes of transportation like air, train and road from all major different cities of India. To more about the National park visit these websites – Manas National Park, Maps of India
Orang National Park
Location: Orang National Park is situated in Darrang and Sonitpur districts in Assam with an area of 78.80 sq. km.
Establishment: It established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1985 and the sanctuary was declared as Orang National Park in 1999.
What Can You Get: You can get to see varieties of mammals including Rhinoceros, Tiger, Maljuria Elephants (male elephants in a group), Hog Deer, Wild Pig, Civet Cat, Porcupine and Gangetic Dolphin, many birds like Spot Billed Pelican, White Pelican, Greater Adjutant Stork etc. A wide range of reptiles including Indian Rock Python, Black Krait, King Cobra, Cobra, Monitor Lizard etc. and seven species of Turtles and Tortoises are found in the national park. Get details in Department of Environment & Forest.
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Earlier it was known as Dibru Reserve Forest and Saikhowa Reserve Forest, it was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1986, and finally, it became Dibru Saikhowa National Park in 1999. This national park is one of nineteen biodiversity park covering 650 square km. Dibru-Saikhuwa National Park is located in Tinsukia district of Assam bounded by Brahmaputra river in north and Dibru river in the south.
The main attraction of the national park is rare and endangered white-winged wood duck, numerous species of endangered mammals like feral horses, elephants, wild boar, Hoolock Gibbon, hog deer and barking deer reptiles and birds. There are no elephant or jeep safaris in Dibru Saikhowa National Park like other national parks. So, you need to hire a local boat to explore the park. Another way to explore the park is trekking which can give you much more fun. To know more about Dibru-Saikhuwa national park visit these portals Assaminfo.com, kaziranga-national-park.com.
Nameri National Park
Nameri national park is located in 38 km north of Tezpur which is bounded by Jia Bharali river. The park was officially declared as Nameri national park in 1998. The specialty of Namer national park is the river rafting. Your Nameri trip will be incomplete without the river rafting fun. Nameri national park faces human and elephants conflicts due to the vast group of elephants in Nameri.
Nameri National Park consists of semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forests with cane and bamboo brakes and narrow strips of open grassland along rivers. The forests are rich in epiphytes, lianas, and creepers and clump-forming bamboo. Moreover, you can notice small big animals including tiger, leopard, sambar, dhole (the Asiatic wild dog), pygmy hog, Indian wild bison, clouded leopard, leopard cat, muntjac etc. in the park. It is a home of white-winged duck, Hornbills, great pied hornbill, wreathed hornbill, Rufous-necked hornbill, black stork, ibisbill, blue-bearded bee-eaters, babblers, plovers and many other birds. To know more click here Assaminfo.